Egypt, the land of pharaohs and pyramids, has captivated the imagination of travelers for centuries. With a history dating back over 5,000 years, it is one of the oldest countries in the world, known for its ancient civilization, stunning monuments, and fascinating culture.

Located in the northeastern corner of Africa, the Mediterranean Sea borders Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the east, and Sudan to the south. This fascinating country has something to offer for every type of traveler, from history buffs to adventure seekers. In this article, we will explore the top places to visit in Egypt and things to know before embarking on a journey to this ancient land.

Top Places to Visit in Egypt  

In this section, we have provided a list of some of the must-visit places in Egypt

Pyramids of Giza  

No visit to Egypt is complete without a trip to the iconic Pyramids of Giza. These majestic structures, built over 4,500 years ago, are considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Great Pyramid of Khufu, the largest of the three pyramids, stands at a height of 481 feet and is a marvel of engineering and architecture. Visitors can explore the interior of the pyramids and learn about the ancient burial rituals of the pharaohs.

The Sphinx  

Located near the Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx is another must-visit attraction in Egypt. This magnificent sculpture, with the body of a lion and the head of a human, stands at 66 feet tall and is believed to have been built over 4,500 years ago. The Sphinx is shrouded in mystery, and historians and archaeologists still debate its purpose and origin.


Located on the banks of the Nile River, Luxor is often called the world’s greatest open-air museum. This city was once the capital of ancient Egypt and is home to some of the most well-preserved temples and tombs, including the Temple of Karnak and the Valley of the Kings. Visitors can take a hot air balloon ride over the city to get a bird’s eye view of the stunning temples and monuments.


Situated on the southernmost tip of Egypt, Aswan is a city known for its natural beauty and rich history. The city is famous for its ancient temples, including the beautiful Philae Temple dedicated to the goddess Isis. Aswan is also a great place to experience traditional Nubian culture and enjoy a sunset cruise on the Nile.

Abu Simbel  

Located on the banks of Lake Nasser, Abu Simbel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an impressive feat of ancient engineering. The two temples, built by Pharaoh Ramesses II, were relocated in the 1960s to save them from being flooded by the construction of the Aswan High Dam. The main temple is dedicated to Ramesses II, while the smaller temple is dedicated to his wife, Queen Nefertari.


Situated on the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is a city steeped in history and known for its ancient libraries, lighthouses, and vibrant culture. Visitors can explore the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, a series of tombs carved into the rock, and the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a modern library built to commemorate the ancient Library of Alexandria.

Red Sea Coast  

The Red Sea Coast is a paradise for beach lovers and a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling. The crystal clear waters, colorful coral reefs, and diverse marine life make it one of the best diving spots in the world. Visitors can also relax on the stunning beaches and explore the vibrant coastal towns and their bustling markets.

White Desert  

For those seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure, the White Desert is a must-visit destination in Egypt. This otherworldly landscape is filled with surreal white rock formations, shaped by millions of years of wind and sand erosion, giving it the appearance of a moon-like landscape. Visitors can camp under the stars and take a jeep safari to explore the different rock formations and natural arches.

Things to Know Before Visiting Egypt  

If you are planning your next trip to Egypt, which is one of the oldest countries in the world, then there are certain things that you need to keep in mind. These include visa requirements, the best time to visit, dress codes, and local customs and etiquette. We have talked about some of the important things you need to keep in mind before visiting Egypt below:

Visa and Travel Documents  

Before planning a trip to Egypt, it is essential to check the visa requirements for your country. Most tourists can obtain a visa on arrival at the airport, but it is recommended to check with the Egyptian embassy for updated information. It is also important to have a valid passport with at least six months of validity.

Climate and Weather  

The best time to visit Egypt is from October to April when the weather is mild and pleasant. Summers can be scorching hot, with temperatures reaching up to 40 degrees Celsius. It is advisable to carry sunscreen, a hat, and plenty of water while exploring the country.

Dress Code  

Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, and it is important to respect their culture and customs. While there is no strict dress code for tourists, it is recommended to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Women should cover their shoulders and avoid wearing revealing clothes.

Currency and Tipping  

The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP), and it is advisable to exchange some currency at the airport upon arrival. Tipping is a common practice in Egypt, and it is customary to tip hotel staff, tour guides, and drivers. It is also considered polite to tip in restaurants, usually around 10-15% of the bill.


As with any travel destination, it is important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings. Tourist areas in Egypt are generally safe, but it is always advisable to take precautions such as not carrying large amounts of cash, being aware of pickpockets, and avoiding isolated areas.

Local Customs and Etiquette  

Egyptians are known for their warm hospitality, and it is important to be respectful of their customs and traditions. It is customary to greet people with a handshake, and it is considered impolite to show the soles of your feet, as they are seen as unclean in their culture.

In conclusion, Egypt is a country that will leave you in awe with its ancient wonders, stunning landscapes, and rich culture. With its top places to visit and fascinating history, it is a destination that should be on every traveler’s bucket list. By following these tips and being respectful of their culture, one can have a truly memorable experience exploring this ancient land.


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